F. D. Roosevelt Biography

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States, was a visionary leader who lifted the nation from the depths of the Great Depression and guided it through the challenges of World War II. With his optimistic approach and never-say-die attitude, Roosevelt instilled a nationalistic spirit in the American people. His leadership and determination made the United States an economically powerful country and a key player on the world stage. Roosevelt’s influence on American politics was so profound that even decades after his presidency, his dominance was still strongly felt. He is regarded as one of the top three U.S. Presidents, alongside Abraham Lincoln and George Washington.

Quick Facts

  • Also Known As: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, FDR
  • Died At Age: 63
  • Family:
    • Spouse/Ex-: Eleanor
    • Father: James Roosevelt
    • Mother: Sara Ann Delano
    • Children: Anna E. Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., Franklin Jr., James Roosevelt, John Aspinwall Roosevelt
  • Born Country: United States
  • Quotes By F. D. Roosevelt
  • Political ideology: Democratic
  • Died on: April 12, 1945
  • Place of death: Little White House Historic Site, Georgia, United States
  • Notable Alumni: Columbia Law School
  • Cause of Death: Cerebral Hemorrhage
  • Personality: ENTJ
  • U.S. State: New Yorkers
  • More Facts
  • Education: Harvard College, Columbia Law School

Childhood & Early Life

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born to James Roosevelt and Sara Ann Delano. He was raised in a privileged atmosphere as part of a wealthy family of English descent. Roosevelt attended Groton School for his preliminary education and graduated from Harvard College in 1903 with a degree in history. He then briefly attended Columbia Law School but dropped out after passing the New York Bar exam. His first job was at the Wall Street firm of Carter Ledyard & Milburn, where he worked in corporate law.

Entry into Politics

Roosevelt entered politics during the New York State Senate elections of 1910. Despite having no prior experience, his family name and wealth gave him influence in the Hudson Valley. He opposed the Tammany bossism and supported the state Democratic party. Roosevelt gained national exposure and learned about political tactics and scheming. He served as the chairman of the Agricultural Committee and implemented reforms supporting labor and social welfare programs.

Political Pursuits

In the 1912 presidential elections, Roosevelt supported Woodrow Wilson and took a position in the Wilson administration as Assistant U.S. Secretary of the Navy. He served in the Navy for seven years, working to expand and modernize the naval force. Roosevelt then ran for the US Senate seat of New York but was defeated. He returned to New York and began practicing law.

Tragedy and Recovery

In 1921, Roosevelt contracted polio, which caused permanent paralysis from the waist down. Despite this setback, he fought to retain his political career. In the early 1920s, he repaired his relationships with the Democratic Party and supported Alfred E Smith for Governor of New York. In 1928, Roosevelt won the seat of Governor of New York and implemented social programs for the betterment of society. He ran for President in 1932 and won with a campaign focused on government intervention in the economy to provide relief, reform, and recovery.

First Term of Presidency 1933

When Roosevelt took office in 1933, America was in the midst of the Great Depression. He implemented the “New Deal” economic reforms, which included the formation of various agencies to provide relief, recovery, and reform. Roosevelt worked to put unemployed people back to work, regulate wages and prices, insure bank deposits, and provide relief to the unemployed. He also established the Tennessee Valley Authority, which modernized agriculture and home conditions in the poverty-stricken Tennessee Valley.

Second Term 1937

Roosevelt’s second term saw fewer major legislative reforms being passed. The Supreme Court overturned many of his suggested reforms, and his proposal to appoint judges was rejected. Negative publicity, a sluggish economy, and Republican victories in mid-term elections weakened Roosevelt’s ability to pass more reform legislation. However, he continued to support the Allies in World War II and initiated the proposal for the formation of the United Nations.

Third Term 1941

Roosevelt’s third term was dominated by World War II. The United States became an “arsenal of democracy” for the Allies and increased support against Germany, Japan, and Italy. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US officially entered the war. Roosevelt developed strategies to defeat Germany and Japan and worked towards the formation of the United Nations.

Fourth Term & Final Years

Roosevelt’s declining health took a toll on him, but he was re-elected for a record fourth term in 1944. He chose Harry S Truman as his Vice President. Roosevelt’s final years were focused on leading the country through the end of World War II. He passed away on April 12, 1945, after suffering from a cerebral hemorrhage.

Personal Life & Legacy

Roosevelt married Eleanor Roosevelt in 1905, and they had six children together. Their marriage was more of a political partnership than an intimate relationship, and Roosevelt had several romantic relationships outside of marriage. He is remembered as the 32nd President of the United States and for his leadership during the Great Depression and World War II. Roosevelt has been honored with memorials, parks, schools, and other landmarks named after him.

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