Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales Biography

Henry Frederick, the eldest son of King James VI and I of Scotland and England and Queen Ann of Denmark, was Prince of Wales from 1610 to 1612. Born in Scotland, he was taken away from his mother at a young age and raised under the guidance of select governors and tutors. Moving to England with his family at the age of nine, Henry quickly impressed the English courtiers and became a popular figure among his subjects. Despite his young age, he took on state duties and was known for his maturity and intellect. At 16, he was made Prince of Wales and assumed even greater responsibilities. Tragically, he passed away at the age of 18, leaving behind a nation in mourning.

Quick Facts

  • British Celebrities Born In February Died At Age: 18
  • Family: father: James VI and I, mother: Anne of Denmark, siblings: Charles I of England, Duke of Kintyre and Lorne, Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, Robert Stuart
  • Born Country: Scotland
  • Noblemen
  • British Men
  • Died on: November 6, 1612
  • More Facts: education: Magdalen College, Oxford

Childhood & Early Years

Henry Frederick was born on 19 February 1594 at Stirling Castle, Scotland. His father, James Charles Stuart, ruled over Scotland as King James VI and also became James I, King of England and Ireland. His mother, Anne of Denmark, was the second daughter of King Frederik II of Denmark. Henry was named after his grandfathers and held several titles at birth. He had two surviving siblings out of his parents’ seven children.

Custody Battle

After his birth, Henry was kept away from his Catholic mother’s influence. He was placed under the custody of John Erskine, Earl of Mars. Queen Anne tried to regain custody of her son, but the king refused. Eventually, the queen was able to regain custody and brought Henry to London.

Life in London

In London, Henry impressed the English courtiers with his intelligence and manners. He continued his education and pursued his interests in art and physical activities. He became known as a great scholar and leader among his subjects. He was invested as the Prince of Wales and took on greater responsibilities.

Marriage Proposals and Death

There were several marriage proposals for Henry, but none of them came to fruition. In October 1612, while arranging his sister’s wedding, Henry fell ill and eventually died. It was initially believed that he was poisoned, but later examinations ruled it out. He was laid to rest in Westminster Abbey.


Henry’s death had a significant impact on English history. His younger brother, Charles, became heir to the throne and his policies led to the English Civil War. Many believe that England’s history would have been different if Henry had lived to ascend the throne.

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