Robert Frost Biography

Robert Lee Frost, an American poet renowned for his vivid poems depicting rural life in England, was a literary figure of great acclaim. With an exceptional command of colloquial speech, Frost crafted descriptive poems that explored the lives of ordinary people with a philosophical undertone. His talent and dedication were recognized through numerous awards and honors, including an unprecedented four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry. From a young age, Frost displayed a passion for poetry, eventually embracing it as his true calling and establishing himself as a successful poet. Alongside his literary pursuits, Frost also excelled as a teacher, holding esteemed positions at institutions such as Amherst College and the University of Michigan. Known for his honest tone and realistic portrayal of rural life, Frost’s contributions to the arts were acknowledged with the Congressional Gold Medal and the Edward MacDowell Medal.

Quick Facts

  • Also Known As: Robert Lee Frost
  • Died At Age: 88
  • Family:
    • Spouse/Ex-: Elinor Miriam White, Elinor Frost (m. 1895–1938)
    • Father: William Prescott Frost Jr.
    • Mother: Isabelle Moodie
    • Siblings: Jeanie
    • Children: Carol Frost, Elinor Bettina Frost, Elliot Frost, Irma Frost, Lesley Frost Ballantine, Marjorie Frost
  • Born Country: United States
  • Quotes By Robert Frost
  • Poets
  • Died on: January 29, 1963
  • Place of death: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Ancestry: British American
  • Cause of Death: Complications Following Prostate Surgery
  • U.S. State: California
  • City: San Francisco, California
  • Epitaphs: I had a lover’s quarrel with the world
  • More Facts
  • Education: Harvard University, Dartmouth College
  • Awards:
    • 1924 – Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
    • 1960 – Congressional Gold Medal
    • Bollingen Prize
    • Robert Frost Medal
    • American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Poetry
    • United States Poet Laureate

Childhood & Early Life

Robert Lee Frost was born on March 26, 1874, in San Francisco, California, US, to William Prescott Frost, Jr. and his wife, Isabelle Moodie. His father, a journalist, was the descendant of an English immigrant, while his mother was a Scottish immigrant. Robert had a younger sister, Jeanie.

His father died of tuberculosis when Robert was 11 years old. His mother took the two children to Lawrence, Massachusetts, where they were taken in by Robert’s paternal grandparents. His mother earned a living by teaching in different schools in New Hampshire and Massachusetts.

Robert was a good student and excelled in his studies. He also started writing poetry as a schoolboy. He graduated from high school in 1892 as a top student in his class. He shared valedictorian honors with Elinor White, a girl he was in love with.


After quitting college, Robert Frost began a teaching career, helping his mother at work. He also took up a series of odd jobs like delivering newspapers and working in a carbon arc lamps factory.

He wasn’t satisfied with any of the jobs he dabbled in and realized that poetry was his true calling. His poem “My Butterfly. An Elegy” was published in the November 8, 1894, edition of the New York Independent. He was paid $15 for it.

From 1897 to 1899, Robert Frost attended Harvard University but didn’t stay to complete his degree; he had to quit owing to health issues. His grandfather had purchased a farm for him and his wife in Derry, New Hampshire. The couple moved there and Frost worked on the farm for several years while continuing to write poetry.

He wasn’t successful at farming. With a growing family to feed, he returned to the field of education and took up a position as an English teacher at New Hampshire’s Pinkerton Academy in 1906. He worked there for five years.

He moved to Great Britain with his family in 1912. His first book of poetry, “A Boy’s Will,” was published in 1913 and the next volume, “North of Boston,” was out the following year.

The poems he wrote in England were deeply influenced by the rural life of ordinary folks. His works also had a philosophical undertone and talked about the harsh realities of village life. By 1915, he had managed to become a popular poet with his poignant literary works.

Robert Frost returned to America in 1915 when World War I was going on. He was already a popular poet by then. He purchased a farm in New Hampshire and built a successful career composing poetry and teaching. For several years, he taught English at Amherst College in Massachusetts.

He gained much fame and success as a poet in the ensuing years. His best-known books released in the following decades were “New Hampshire” (1923), “A Further Range” (1936), “Steeple Bush” (1947), and “In the Clearing” (1962). He also served as a consultant in poetry to the Library of Congress from 1958 to 1959.

Besides being an exceptional poet, Robert Frost was also phenomenal as a teacher. For four decades, starting from the early 1920s, he spent numerous summers and falls teaching at the Bread Loaf School of English of Middlebury College.

He took up a fellowship teaching post at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1921. He stayed there until 1927 and returned to Amherst.

He owned several properties, including a plot in South Miami, Florida, and a house on Brewster Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Major Works

Robert Frost’s volume of poetry “New Hampshire” is counted amongst his most important works. The book contained poems, such as “Nothing Gold Can Stay,” “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” and “Fire and Ice,” and won the 1924 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.

His poem collection “A Further Range” is another one of his major works that earned a Pulitzer Prize. It was dedicated to his wife and divided into six parts. It contained poems including “The Gold Hesperidee,” “In Time of Cloudburst,” “A Roadside Stand,” and “Departmental.”

Family & Personal Life

Robert Frost fell in love with a girl named Elinor Miriam White while still in school. She was an ambitious young woman who inspired many of his poems.

He was determined to marry her even though she didn’t accept the first time he proposed. She accepted when he proposed a second time, and they were married on December 19, 1895.

The couple had six children, out of who two died very young. While four of his children lived to adulthood, two of them predeceased their father. Elinor, who Frost loved very deeply, developed breast cancer and died in 1938.

Robert Frost lived a long life and died on January 29, 1963, due to complications from prostate surgery. He was 88.

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